Africa | territories and regions

Territories and regions

The countries in this table are categorized according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations, and data included are per sources in cross-referenced articles. Where they differ, provisos are clearly indicated.

 
 
Physical map of Africa
Political map of Africa
The size of Africa compared with distinctive territories from other parts of the world.[140] Especially since the beginning of the 1900s, the Western maps have downplayed the real size of the continent through map projection.[141]
Arms Flag Name of region[142] and
territory, with flag
Area
(km²)
Population[143] Year Density
(per km²)
Capital
North Africa
Emblem of Algeria.svg Algeria Algeria 2,381,740 34,178,188 2009 14 Algiers
Canary Islands Canary Islands Canary Islands (Spain)[144] 7,492 2,154,905 2017 226 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Ceuta Ceuta Ceuta (Spain)[145] 20 85,107 2017 3,575
Egypt Egypt Egypt[146] 1,001,450 82,868,000 2012 83 Cairo
The emblem on the passport of Libya.svg Libya Libya 1,759,540 6,310,434 2009 4 Tripoli
Madeira Madeira Madeira (Portugal)[147] 797 245,000 2001 307 Funchal
Melilla Melilla Melilla (Spain)[148] 12 85,116 2017 5,534
Morocco Morocco Morocco 446,550 34,859,364 2009 78 Rabat
Sudan Sudan Sudan 1,861,484 30,894,000 2008 17 Khartoum
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia 163,610 10,486,339 2009 64 Tunis
Coat of arms of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg Western Sahara Western Sahara[149] 266,000 405,210 2009 2 El Aaiún
East Africa
Burundi Burundi Burundi 27,830 8,988,091 2009 323 Bujumbura
Seal of the Comoros.svg Comoros Comoros 2,170 752,438 2009 347 Moroni
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti 23,000 828,324 2015 22 Djibouti
Eritrea Eritrea Eritrea 121,320 5,647,168 2009 47 Asmara
Ethiopia Ethiopia Ethiopia 1,127,127 84,320,987 2012 75 Addis Ababa
Kenya Kenya Kenya 582,650 39,002,772 2009 66 Nairobi
Seal of Madagascar.svg Madagascar Madagascar 587,040 20,653,556 2009 35 Antananarivo
Malawi Malawi Malawi 118,480 14,268,711 2009 120 Lilongwe
Mauritius Mauritius Mauritius 2,040 1,284,264 2009 630 Port Louis
Mayotte Mayotte Mayotte (France) 374 223,765 2009 490 Mamoudzou
Emblem of Mozambique.svg Mozambique Mozambique 801,590 21,669,278 2009 27 Maputo
Réunion Réunion Réunion (France) 2,512 743,981 2002 296 Saint-Denis
Rwanda Rwanda Rwanda 26,338 10,473,282 2009 398 Kigali
Seychelles Seychelles Seychelles 455 87,476 2009 192 Victoria
Somalia Somalia Somalia 637,657 9,832,017 2009 15 Mogadishu
South Sudan South Sudan South Sudan 619,745 8,260,490 2008 13 Juba
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania 945,087 44,929,002 2009 43 Dodoma
Uganda Uganda Uganda 236,040 32,369,558 2009 137 Kampala
Zambia Zambia Zambia 752,614 11,862,740 2009 16 Lusaka
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 390,580 11,392,629 2009 29 Harare
Central Africa
Emblem of Angola.svg Angola Angola 1,246,700 12,799,293 2009 10 Luanda
Cameroon Cameroon Cameroon 475,440 18,879,301 2009 40 Yaoundé
Central African Republic Central African Republic Central African Republic 622,984 4,511,488 2009 7 Bangui
Chad Chad Chad 1,284,000 10,329,208 2009 8 N'Djamena
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo 342,000 4,012,809 2009 12 Brazzaville
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,345,410 69,575,000 2012 30 Kinshasa
Coat of arms of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 28,051 633,441 2009 23 Malabo
Gabon Gabon Gabon 267,667 1,514,993 2009 6 Libreville
Coat of arms of São Tomé and Príncipe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 1,001 212,679 2009 212 São Tomé
Southern Africa
Botswana Botswana Botswana 600,370 1,990,876 2009 3 Gaborone
Eswatini Eswatini Eswatini 17,363 1,123,913 2009 65 Mbabane
Lesotho Lesotho Lesotho 30,355 2,130,819 2009 70 Maseru
Namibia Namibia Namibia 825,418 2,108,665 2009 3 Windhoek
South Africa South Africa South Africa 1,219,912 51,770,560 2011 42 Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria[150]
West Africa
Benin Benin Benin 112,620 8,791,832 2009 78 Porto-Novo
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 274,200 15,746,232 2009 57 Ouagadougou
Coat of arms of Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde Cape Verde 4,033 429,474 2009 107 Praia
The Gambia The Gambia The Gambia 11,300 1,782,893 2009 158 Banjul
Ghana Ghana Ghana 239,460 23,832,495 2009 100 Accra
Coat of arms of Guinea.svg Guinea Guinea 245,857 10,057,975 2009 41 Conakry
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 36,120 1,533,964 2009 43 Bissau
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 322,460 20,617,068 2009 64 Abidjan,[151] Yamoussoukro
Liberia Liberia Liberia 111,370 3,441,790 2009 31 Monrovia
Mali Mali Mali 1,240,000 12,666,987 2009 10 Bamako
Seal of Mauritania (December 2018).svg Mauritania Mauritania 1,030,700 3,129,486 2009 3 Nouakchott
Niger Niger Niger 1,267,000 15,306,252 2009 12 Niamey
Nigeria Nigeria Nigeria 923,768 166,629,000 2012 180 Abuja
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) 420 7,728 2012 13 Jamestown
Senegal Senegal Senegal 196,190 13,711,597 2009 70 Dakar
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 71,740 6,440,053 2009 90 Freetown
Togo Togo Togo 56,785 6,019,877 2009 106 Lomé
Africa Total 30,368,609 1,001,320,281 2009 33