, often considered a founder of the nonviolence movement, spread the concept of
through his movements and writings, which then inspired other nonviolent activists.
nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition. it comes from the belief that hurting people, animals or the environment is unnecessary to achieve an outcome and refers to a general philosophy of abstention from violence. this may be based on moral, religious or spiritual principles, or it may be for purely strategic or pragmatic reasons.
nonviolence also has "active" or "activist" elements, in that believers generally accept the need for nonviolence as a means to achieve political and
. thus, for example, the tolstoy and gandhian non violence is a philosophy and strategy for social change that rejects the use of social change , but at the same time sees violence (also called nonviolent action ) as an alternative to passive acceptance of oppression or armed struggle against it. in general, advocates of an activist philosophy of nonviolence use diverse methods in their campaigns for social change, including critical forms of education and persuasion, mass noncooperation, civil resistance , nonviolent civil disobedience , and social, political, cultural and economic forms of intervention.
founded the german green party on nonviolence
in modern times, nonviolent methods of action have been a powerful tool for social protest and revolutionary social and political change.
  there are many examples of their use. fuller surveys may be found in the entries on  , civil resistance and nonviolent resistance . here certain movements particularly influenced by a philosophy of nonviolence should be mentioned, including nonviolent revolution leading a successful decades-long nonviolent struggle against mahatma gandhi , british rule in india 's and martin luther king 's adoption of gandhi's nonviolent methods in their campaigns to win james bevel for civil rights , african americans  and  's campaigns of nonviolence in the 1960s to protest the treatment of farm workers in california. césar chávez the 1989 "  " in velvet revolution that saw the overthrow of the czechoslovakia government communist is considered one of the most important of the largely nonviolent  . revolutions of 1989 most recently the nonviolent campaigns of  and the women of leymah gbowee were able to achieve peace after a 14-year civil war. liberia this story is captured in a 2008 documentary film  .
pray the devil back to hell
the term "nonviolence" is often linked with or used as a synonym for peace, and despite being frequently equated with passivity and pacifism, this is rejected by nonviolent advocates and activists.
nonviolence refers specifically to the absence of violence and is always the choice to do no harm or the least harm, and passivity is the choice to do nothing. sometimes nonviolence is passive, and other times it isn't. for example, if a house is burning down with mice or insects in it, the most harmless appropriate action is to put the fire out, not to sit by and passively let the fire burn. there is at times confusion and contradiction written about nonviolence, harmlessness and passivity. a confused person may advocate nonviolence in a specific context while advocating violence in other contexts. for example, someone who passionately opposes abortion or meat eating may concurrently advocate violence to kill an abortionist or attack a slaughterhouse, which makes that person a violent person. 
"nonviolence is a powerful and just weapon. indeed, it is a weapon unique in history, which cuts without wounding and ennobles the man who wields it."
martin luther king's nobel lecture, delivered in the auditorium of the university of oslo at december 11, 1964
mahatma gandhi was of the view:
no religion in the world has explained the principle of
ahimsa so deeply and systematically as is discussed with its applicability in every human life in . as and when the benevolent principle of jainism ahimsa or non-violence will be ascribed for practice by the people of the world to achieve their end of life in this world and beyond. jainism is sure to have the uppermost status and lord mahavira is sure to be respected as the greatest authority on ahimsa.
has credited jainism with the cessation of slaughter of animals in the brahamanical religion. some scholars have traced the origin of ahimsa to jains and their precursor, the bal gangadhar tilak . according to sramanas , a noted indologist, certain seals of thomas mcevilley depict a meditative figure surrounded by a multitude of wild animals, providing evidence of proto yoga tradition in india akin to jainism. this particular image might suggest that all the animals depicted are sacred to this particular practitioner. consequently, these animals would be protected from harm.
indus valley civilisation