South Asia | general statistical data

General statistical data

Below is the latest general statistical data for South Asian nations. Their total population, area and GDPs have been cited along with their shares of percentage of this attribute of total South Asia in bracket. Republic of India accounts for most of landmass, population and GDP and hence, heavily influences average of South Asian development attributes. Sri Lanka and Maldives are leaders in the region in terms of Human Development Index and GDP per capita while Afghanistan scores lowest in terms of both the attributes in the region.

Country
[209][209][210][211]
Capital
[211][228][229]
Area
(km2) (%Share)
[230]
Population in thousands
(2019) (%Share)[1][2]
Density
(per km2)
Nominal GDP
(in millions) (2019) (%Share)[213][231][232]
GDP per capita

(2019)[214]

GDP (PPP)
(in millions) (2019) (%Share)
GDP (PPP) per capita (2019) HDI

(2018)[4]

 Afghanistan Kabul 652,230 (12.7%) 38,042 (2.07%) 58.3 $19,990 (0.54%) $577 $76,714 (0.55%) $2,101 Decrease0.496 (low)
 Bangladesh Dhaka 147,570 (2.87%) 163,046 (8.88%) 1,104.9 $314,656 (8.49%) $1,925 $829,270 (5.92%) $4,992 Increase0.614 (medium)
 Bhutan Thimphu 38,394 (0.75%) 763 (0.04%) 19.8 $2,840 (0.07%) $3,672 $9,310 (0.066%) $10,193 Increase0.617 (medium)
 India New Delhi 3,287,263 (64.02%) 1,366,418 (74.45%) 415.6 $2,971,996 (80.19%) $2,198 $11436,697 (81.68%) $8,484 Increase0.647 (medium)
 Maldives Malé 298 (0.006%) 531 (0.03%) 1,781.8 $5,749 (0.16%) $13,875 $6,708 (0.048%) $21,320 Increase0.719 (high)
   Nepal Kathmandu 147,181 (2.87%) 28,609 (1.56%) 194.3 $28,922 (0.78%) $934 $87,472 (0.62%) $2,984 Increase0.579 (medium)
 Pakistan Islamabad 796,095 (15.5%) 216,565 (11.8%) 245.8 $278,019 (7.74%) $1,357 $1,235,663 (8.82%) $5,839 Decrease0.560 (medium)
 Sri Lanka Colombo 65,610 (1.28%) 21,324 (1.62%) 325 $84,164 (2.27%) $4,336 $319,791 (2.28%) $14,680 Increase0.780 (high)
South Asia 5,134,641 (100%) 1,835,297 (100%) 357.4 $3,706,337 (100%) $2,019 $14,001, 625 (100%) $7,629 Increase0.642 (medium)